Chiropractic

Sitting is a Disease

          With the rise of  technologies, apps, programs, upgrades, and office jobs, people are becoming used to sedentary life styles. A study is done each year by the National Health and Nutrition Examination where they have 5,000 people take a survey about their sitting time. What they found was appalling. Over 70% of people spend […]

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How to Run: Are your running habits taking years off your life?

We have so many passionate runners at our office and it is fantastic! We love to fill the office with people who are bettering themselves with a healthy life style. A word of caution though for those who long distance run and do so frequently, a study done by the American College of Cardiology proved […]

Read More

Got Water?

Everyone knows that drinking water is good for you, but it’s amazing how many people do not drink the appropriate amount of water. Few people know exactly how much water they should be consuming a day. Most people are drink less than half the amount their body needs! It is simple; take your own weight […]

Read More

Top 10 Things to Turn Your Health Around in 2016

Start 2016 off the Right Way! It’s the time for New Year resolutions, many of which are based on health. Now is the time to get excited about yourself! It’s a new year so start it out right and let’s keep to those resolutions. Take it one day at a time and follow the top […]

Read More

Is it Time to Ditch the Hand Sanitizer?

In the past couple of years the use of sanitizer has sky rocketed. You see the dispensers in schools, stores, hospitals, and homes, you see the mini hand sanitizers clipped to backpacks. More and more people are utilizing this quick and easy form of “hand washing”, but is it safe? The answer is no and […]

Read More

Read Food Labels

What are you feeding your loved ones? MSG, artificial sweeteners, high fructose corn syrup, and color dyes are all well known food additives, but do you know what these additives do to you? In this blog I am going to touch on what these additives can do to you and your loved ones. MSG (monosodium […]

Read More

Is it in your Head? Or your Spine?

People come to Precision Chiropractic for many reasons. Recently most of our new patients have had the same chief complaint; experiencing headaches or migraines. You may ask why someone would go to a Chiropractor for this particular secondary condition (symptom)? To answer that question, I want to briefly touch on some case studies and their […]

Read More

Concussions

Concussions With football season starting back up and kids are getting back into school sports, there is an important topic that doesn’t get mentioned enough. Concussions. Here is one definition on concussions as stated by Centers for Disease control and Prevention: “Concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or […]

Read More

How High is Your Sleep Debt?

How High is Your Sleep Debt? Who doesn’t like sleep? I know if I could, I would spend all morning catching those Z’s, but who has time for that? Most people do not get the recommended amount of sleep. For infants the recommended amount of sleep is 16 hours a day, for teens it is […]

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Birth Trauma and Chiropractic

Birth Trauma and Chiropractic: We all know that giving birth is one of the most painful experiences a woman can go through, but it is also traumatizing for the newborn. An average, hospital performed birth, in the United States consists of a doctor putting approximately 100+ pounds of tension on the child’s neck and shoulders […]

Read More

Sitting is a Disease

          With the rise of  technologies, apps, programs, upgrades, and office jobs, people are becoming used to sedentary life styles. A study is done each year by the National Health and Nutrition Examination where they have 5,000 people take a survey about their sitting time. What they found was appalling. Over 70% of people spend at least 6+ hours a day sitting, most of which (4+ hours) is screen time (Nelson). They found that by reducing the amount of time the average person spends sitting in half they could gain an extra 2+ years of life. They found doing the same to television time there’s the potential to gain 1+years of life!

But why is that?

By branching out of that sedentary lifestyle you are at a lower risk for many things like type two diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers such as breast and colon cancer. Martha Grogan who is a cardiologist at Mayo Clinic said, “For people who sit most of the day, their risk of heart attack is about the same as smoking.” Standing more throughout the day helps with your posture, muscle toning, increases blood flow, helps bump up your metabolism, and burns extra calories (The Facts).

Lets take it a step further! Look at your day. When can YOU fit in some extra movement? Instead of taking the elevator, take the stairs. Park just a little farther away from the grocery store or mall. Stand at your desk at work. Turn off the electronics and get outside or do something active. Your body becomes what you put into it: eat healthy, be active, and get adjusted.

  • Nelson, Jennifer, and Katherine Zeratsky. “Nutrition and Healthy Eating.” Do You Have ‘sitting Disease’? Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 1 May 2012. Web. 17 Aug. 2015.
  • “The Facts: Sitting Disease by the Numbers.” org. Ergotron, 2015. Web. 17 Aug. 2015.

How to Run: Are your running habits taking years off your life?

We have so many passionate runners at our office and it is fantastic! We love to fill the office with people who are bettering themselves with a healthy life style. A word of caution though for those who long distance run and do so frequently, a study done by the American College of Cardiology proved that working out for extended periods of time and often can take YEARS OFF of your life! This does not mean stop running altogether, just know your limits, and the RIGHT way to work out.

The study by the American College of Cardiology was done over 15 years, doing tests on people ranging from age 18 to 100. They found that running more the 20 miles per week could take years off a persons life. They actually recommend running less then an hour per week. They found that this increased life spans and decreased the risk of premature death. They also go on to say that high intensity/short duration workouts are the best forms of exercise!  High intensity/short duration workouts consist 30 to 60 sec of exercise at full effort and then a recovery period of walking or resting and repeat for about 12 to 15 minutes and do this about 5 times a week. It is recommended to do 30+ minutes of walking, jogging, cycling, or running.

So how could short, quick, workouts increase your life span? Because it increases ability to use oxygen and insulin. This reduces risks of cancer and lowers inflammation. Also it was found that pushing yourself to the limit for brief periods of time with periods of rest, is more effective then prolonged activities when improving heart, lung, metabolic and mechanical functions.

For our runners who just LOVE to go for long distance 60 minute runs or aerobic exercises, take Curcumin Daily or Fish Oil. These are natural sources to decrease inflammation. Please DON’T do long distance running everyday, alternate between workouts. Monday and Thursday do your long run but make Tuesday and Friday a high intensity day, and take a break on Wednesday. Work out the right way while still doing the things you enjoy! Below are two running methods that will help improve your running experience.

Pose Method: A running form that utilizes gravity to prevent over exerting yourself. Using the Running Pose which is your body forming an S shape (torso forward and one leg bent) and letting gravity do the rest, you save energy and prevent injury. They break running down to just 3 fundamentals: Pose, Fall, Pull. There is a beginners guide offered jam packed with running drills, strengthening exercises, and a training schedule (Become) ! They do offer multiple videos for free, so check them out at: https://posemethod.com/running/.

Chi Running: A balanced way to run! Some of the main principles to chi running are: relaxation, correct alignment and posture, landing with a mid foot strike, utilizing gravity, focusing on core strength, and connecting the mind and body. The idea of Chi Running is to capitalize using your core muscles instead of extremities. By using your core you can move more efficiently and prevent/reduce injuries (Chi). Check out Chi Running at: www.chirunning.com.

“Become a Better Runner.” Pose Method. Romanov Academy of Sports Science, 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

Lee. (2014, August). Leisure-Time Running Reduces All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality Risk. Retrieved March 17, 2016, from http://content.onlinejacc.org/article.aspx?articleID=1891600

 

Got Water?

Everyone knows that drinking water is good for you, but it’s amazing how many people do not drink the appropriate amount of water. Few people know exactly how much water they should be consuming a day. Most people are drink less than half the amount their body needs! It is simple; take your own weight (in pounds) divide that by 2 and that is the amount of ounces you should drink EACH day. Also 2 glasses for each soda, coffee, or tea, these are considered dehydrating drinks and should be either avoided or drank in moderation. Also depending on how much you sweat, either due to heat or exercise, you may want to drink even more.
Why should we be drinking that much water you ask? The human body is 75% water we fuel and energize ourselves with water! Water helps prevent kidney damage and studies showed 5 glasses of water a day can decrease your risk of colon cancer by 45%. In the past 15 years there has been a huge rise in the amount of kidney stones that are found in children due to the lack of water intake. Water helps with proper digestion, and can help boost your metabolism. Often times the human body can’t tell the difference between being hungry or thirsty so if your tummy is rumbling try drinking more water.
Did you know without water the human body would actually poison itself with its own waste and toxins!? To help you improve your water intake here are some helpful tips: bring a sports bottle with you and fill it throughout the day, keep a glass on your desk at work or school, keep water by your bed, cut down on the sugary/caffeinated drinks, be aware of how much you are drinking, drink a glass of water before each meal and continue to drink throughout your day.

(Hoffman, S.) Hoffman, S., Gandolfi, M., & Anderson, G. (2008). Why Drink Water? The TICnology Patient Education Handouts, 223-223.

Shaw, G., & Nazario, B., MD. (2009, July 07). How Much Water Do You Need? Can You Drink Too Much? Retrieved February 02, 2016, from http://www.webmd.com/diet/water-for-weight-loss-diet?page=2

Top 10 Things to Turn Your Health Around in 2016

Start 2016 off the Right Way!
It’s the time for New Year resolutions, many of which are based on health. Now is the time to get excited about yourself! It’s a new year so start it out right and let’s keep to those resolutions. Take it one day at a time and follow the top 10 list, this is key to a new healthier you! Remember “Just Ship IT”, just start being healthier. Now is the time to make a change even just a small one.

 

Top 10 Steps to a Healthier You:

1. Cut out the Sugar
2. Cut out the Grains
3. Limit/Avoid Alcohol
4. Exercise
5. Drink Clean Water
6. Add Sea Salt to Your Food
7. Supplement with Probiotics, Omega 3’s, and Vitamin D
8. Meditate
9. Get More Sleep
10. And…. Get Adjusted!

If you would like to learn more about any of these steps or just have health questions feel free to check out our other blogs or contact us by phone (207)282.9797, or by email precisionbiddeford@gmail.com. We are always happy to help you get healthy!

Is it Time to Ditch the Hand Sanitizer?

In the past couple of years the use of sanitizer has sky rocketed. You see the dispensers in schools, stores, hospitals, and homes, you see the mini hand sanitizers clipped to backpacks. More and more people are utilizing this quick and easy form of “hand washing”, but is it safe? The answer is no and here is four reasons why:
Super bugs:
Antibiotics are becoming over used and because of this we are creating super bugs. The over use of antimicrobial products has begun to create antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria (Miller).
Triclosan and triclocarbon:
Triclosan is found in most handsanitizers and has multiple negative effects. These chemicals not only weaken your immune system making you more susceptible to allergies but can also lead to hormonal effects. Triclosan is also one of the causes of super bugs (Fukushima). Triclosan is not only found in hand sanitizer but also in a lot of other home cleaning and beauty products, because of this triclosan is in our water supply and is also found in the dust in houses. Triclosan has multiple other negative effects on us and the environment check out my next blog on triclosan to learn more.
Alcohol:
I am sure you have heard of reports of people being hospitalized because they ingested hand sanitizer. This not only happens to people who purposefully drink it but is also happening to adults and children who accidentally ingest it. Did you know just a few squirts is equal to a couple shots of hard liquor (Fukushima). Any alcohol base hand sanitizer uses 60%-95% ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, or a mix of both. The alcohol helps kill off microbes but is also used so that the chemical in hand sanitizer is absorbed by your skin quicker, this also is why sanitizer may be drying out your skin (Miller).
Scents:
Vanilla, lavender, sweat pea are all wonderful smells but do you know the real price of your new scent? Companies don’t want to give out their “Trade Secrets” to the perfect scent so they are actually not required to list the ingredients to make up that pine tree smell. Behind each scent is a list of chemicals. Main chemicals to look out for (if listed at all) is phthalates and parabens. These are chemicals to look for in multiple products such as shampoo, conditioner, body wash, soaps, and hand sanitizers. Parabens can cause endocrine disruption, skin irritation, reproductive toxicity, immuno toxicity, and cancer (Miller). Phthalates is a chemical that used to make certain scents and can also be found in plastic where it is used to make toys flexible. Phthalates mimics hormones and can potentially alter genital development.

Washing your hand with a natural soap is just as effective and is safer for everyone. So next time you walk past the sink and head toward the hand sanitizer think of yours and your loved ones safety first.

Fukushima, K. (2014, November 30). 5 Hidden Dangers of Hand Sanitizers. Retrieved December 3, 2015, from http://www.thestreet.com/story/12966410/5/5-hidden-dangers-of-hand-sanitizers.html

Miller, Z. (2014, October 26). Hidden dangers of hand sanitizers. Retrieved December 3, 2015, from http://www.naturalnews.com/047400_hand_sanitizers_triclosan_parabens.html

Read Food Labels

What are you feeding your loved ones?
MSG, artificial sweeteners, high fructose corn syrup, and color dyes are all well known food additives, but do you know what these additives do to you? In this blog I am going to touch on what these additives can do to you and your loved ones.
MSG (monosodium glutamate) also known on food labels as hydrolyzed vegetable protein and natural flavoring/spices, is a taste enhancer found in most foods. Studies have been done that has proven that MSG kills neurons (nerve cells). MSG had to be removed from baby food because after a study on mice it was found the MSG was actually cause infants to go blind. It also has been proven to cause early onset puberty in kids by destroying the hypothalamic neurons. MSG also can cause degenerative brain diseases such as Huntington’s , Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, ALS, and it also can cause migraines, brain damage, seizures, ADD, ADHD, and more (Blaylock).
Artificial sweeteners are not a sweet as you thought. Next time you are shopping think twice before you reach for the sugar free or diet version! Aspartame is one of the most used/dangerous artificial sweetener. It was discovered in 1965 and was disapproved by the FDA until 1983. It was disapproved due to flawed data, finding brain tumors in animal study, and lack of study in long term effects. It was approved even though further studies were not done appropriately and many disagreed with approval (Mercola). The primary components are phenylalanine and aspartic acid. When combined the body does not recognize how to properly break it down. The body starts to break down the aspartame, creating multiple chemicals, 10% of the aspartame turns into methanol (a wood alcohol) which, if the product is left in a warm area or had a long shelf life, can turn into formaldehyde (used in paint remover and embalming fluid) (Mercola). Formaldehyde has been proven to cause cancer. Possible immediate side effects of artificial sweeteners is change in mood, vision, or heart rate, other effects are headaches, nausea/vomiting, fatigue, and more. Some potential long term side effects are seizures, depression, blindness, kidney damage, cancer, organ failure, and more.
High Fructose Corn Syrup is NOT SUGAR, it’s worse. Top industries try to convince people that High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) is just as good or bad as sugar. It is true that both are harmful in large amounts, and the amount of sugar and HFCS ingested by the average person in a single year is 140 pounds, 10,000 years ago it was 20 teaspoons a year (Hyman). What makes HFCS worse is that they are drastically chemically different. HFCS is NOT natural, yes it does come from corn, but the chemical additives and the chemical build is not natural. Its 55-45 fructose to glucose and they have no chemical bond. When HFCS is ingested it is absorbed by the blood stream, the fructose goes to the liver and is one of the lead causes of fatty liver, the glucose joins your insulin (fat storing hormone). The Insulin, when mixed with glucose, can cause metabolic disturbances causing increase in weight, appetite, diabetes, heart disease, cancer, dementia, and more. Also after testing for chemicals in HFCS not only were there unknown chemicals but also high levels of mercury (Hyman). Large amounts of HFCS can even cause tares in your intestinal lining.
Artificial food coloring are colors to die for. There are alternatives to artificial dyes such as natural dyes, using beet extract or other natural resources but they aren’t nearly as common as the artificial prototype. The U.S. uses 15 million pound of food coloring per year, which is 5 times the amount used in 1955 (Colors). There are several different types of food dye such as blue #1 and #2, Yellow #5 and #6, and others. These dyes can be found in our mac n cheese, our favorite sweets, baked food, and other everyday products. Did you know that these dyes are made from petroleum? Yes, some of the food you ingest may have petroleum in it, the same petroleum your car runs off of (Why). This is why any products in the UK with color dye comes with a warning label. Food dye gives no nutritional value to food, it is just there for the WOW factor. It does however have negative impacts to your food, here are some examples: Blue #1 can cause chromosomal damage and is banned in France and Finland, Green #3 can cause bladder tumors and is banned in Europe, Red #40 (the most commonly used dye) can cause chromosomal damage, hyperactivity, and lymphomas, and there are many more examples each one with negative side effects such as these (Colors).
So next time you sit down to a big bowl of mac n cheese with a cup of sweet tea and ice cream waiting for you when dessert time comes, check the label. What is it exactly that you and your loved ones are eating? Make sure you know the facts of what is going into your bodies, because what you put into it is what you’ll get out of it.
Blaylock, Russell. “MSG Excitotoxins: The Taste That Kills.” LifeEnthusiast. 31 Oct. 2012. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

“Colors to Die For: The Dangerous Impact of Food Coloring.” Special Education Degree. WordPress, 2015. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.
Hyman, Mark, MD. “5 Reasons High Fructose Corn Syrup Will Kill You – Dr. Mark Hyman.” Dr Mark Hyman. N.p., 13 May 2011. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.

Mercola. “Artificial Sweeteners — More Dangerous than You Ever Imagined.” Mercola.com. 13 Oct. 2009. Web. 20 Oct. 2015.

“Why I Hate Artificial Food Coloring.” Web log post. 100 Days of Real Food. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.

Is it in your Head? Or your Spine?

People come to Precision Chiropractic for many reasons. Recently most of our new patients have had the same chief complaint; experiencing headaches or migraines. You may ask why someone would go to a Chiropractor for this particular secondary condition (symptom)? To answer that question, I want to briefly touch on some case studies and their conclusions. One study was done on a 13 year old female child who had complaints of neck pain and continuous headaches. After visiting her family Doctor she was told to visit a Chiropractor. After just 4 Chiropractic adjustment over a 2 week period she was pain free (Hewitt). The second study I would like to mention is one done on 85 patients who received 2 spinal adjustments or therapy treatments a week for a 2 month period. All 85 patients, prior to treatment, experienced frequent migraines and headaches. After the 2 month period all patients had an improvement in frequency, intensity, and duration of their migraines and headaches (Parker). For more case studies on headache/migraines feel free to visit the website www.icpa4kids.org. After reading these, and multiple other case studies, I found that they each came to the same conclusion: Chiropractic care, by reducing the nerve pressure in the spine, can benefit those suffering from headaches and migraines.

Parker GB, Tupling H, Pryor D. Aust and New Zealand Journal of Medicine 1978 (Dec); 8 (6): 589-593
Hewitt EG. Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association Sept. 1994; 38(3): 160-162.

Concussions

Concussions

With football season starting back up and kids are getting back into school sports, there is an important topic that doesn’t get mentioned enough. Concussions.

Here is one definition on concussions as stated by Centers for Disease control and Prevention:
“Concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, stretching and damaging the brain cells and creating chemical changes in the brain” (HEADS UP).

Did you know that a person doesn’t even need to get hit in the head in order to get a concussions? Things such a whip lash or hard hits can cause concussions too. Each year approximately 1.6 to 3.8 million concussions occur in the U.S., due to sports or recreational activities. Of that amount, 40% of the athletes return to the sport before the guidelines suggest (Concussion Facts).

Concussions are considered an invisible injury because secondary conditions (symptoms) sometimes don’t occur for hours or in some cases, days. If a person has a concussion and doesn’t wait the appropriate amount of time they are putting themselves at risk for an even worse injury. People who suffer from one concussion becomes 3 to 6 time more susceptible. In severe and rare cases, concussions can cause the brain to swell, permanent brain damage, or even death (Concussion Facts). Make sure you know the facts, whether you are a parent or athlete, make sure you understand concussions should be taken seriously. Give your body the time it needs to heal.

“HEADS UP.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 18 May 2015. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
“Concussion Facts: Did You Know?” Concussion Facts. Sanford Health, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

How High is Your Sleep Debt?

How High is Your Sleep Debt?
Who doesn’t like sleep? I know if I could, I would spend all morning catching those Z’s, but who has time for that? Most people do not get the recommended amount of sleep. For infants the recommended amount of sleep is 16 hours a day, for teens it is 9 hours, and for the adults we need 7 to 8 hours of sleep a night (Brain Basics). When a person doesn’t sleep for the time their body needs they actual accumulate a Sleep Debt. This is when the more hours you miss of sleep the more exhausted you feel until the debt is paid.
Each time a person sleeps their body goes through a cycle of 5 stages of sleep, stages 1, 2, 3, 4, and REM (Rapid Eye movement) stage. Each cycle takes about 90 to 110 minutes and repeats over and over during your nap. The deepest sleep occurs in one of the more import stages, the REM stage. Infants spend about 50% of their sleep in the REM stage whereas adults only spend 20% (Brain Basic). A study was done on rats whose life expectancy is approximately 2-3 years. These rats were prevented from achieving REM Sleep and they only lived for 5 weeks (Brain Basic).
Sleeping helps with many things such as your nervous system, concentration, memory, physical performance, moods, and much more. Sleep also overlaps with the release of growth hormones and increases the production and break down of proteins. To help ensure your body is healthy you need to get the proper amount of sleep. Here are some tips to help you achieve that: get on a schedule, exercise, relax before bed, control the temperature in the room, avoid caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol, and wake up with the sun or turn on the lights.
Dedicate more time to your sleeping habits so that you can be ready for your day, eat healthy, and get adjusted.
“Brain Basics: Understanding Sleep.” National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). USA.gov, 25 July 2014. Web. 24 Aug. 2015.

Birth Trauma and Chiropractic

Birth Trauma and Chiropractic:
We all know that giving birth is one of the most painful experiences a woman can go through, but it is also traumatizing for the newborn. An average, hospital performed birth, in the United States consists of a doctor putting approximately 100+ pounds of tension on the child’s neck and shoulders all while twisting the baby head and neck up to 135 degrees (A, Towbin).
The U.S. birthing system is lacking in the evaluation and checking of the newborn’s spine and skull for abnormalities. Abraham Towbin M.D. did a study at Harvard Medical School’s department of Neuropathology, he states, “Survival of the newborn is governed mainly by the integrity and function of the vital centers in the brain stem. Yet paradoxically, the importance of injury at birth to the brain stem and spinal cord are matters which have generally escaped lasting attention” (Towbin, A). In order to ensure the spinal integrity, every newborn should be checked by a chiropractor as soon as possible after birth. A Structural Shift (aka vertebral subluxation) caused by birth trauma can actually stay with that person into adulthood.
Chiropractic care not only assists in the spinal health of the child, but also can help the development of the child’s skull. A case study was done in 2010 on a 3 week old baby girl experiencing craniosynotosis (when joints in the skull join prematurely), the mother began bringing the child to a chiropractor. The measurement of the child’s skull when she was born was 34.5cm, after just 6 chiropractic visits the child’s head measured 39.2cm (Alcantara, J).
After the birthing process a child is introduced to life and all of its wonders, and some of its not so wonderful aspects such as germs, falls, injuries, etc. It is the guardian’s job to ensure that each child is well equipped to handle all sorts of problems. Chiropractic care not only helps your child structurally speaking, but also helps strengthen their immune system. Children who received chiropractic care after birth and continually afterward experience increased immunity to average childhood diseases (Rose-Aymon, S). Chiropractic care is for everyone, don’t leave your child at home to develop the problems you are having. Get them checked regularly and support them with a healthy lifestyle.
• Joel Alcantara, DC 1 and Julie Doucet, DC 2

 

1. Research Director, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, Media, Pa and Private Practice of Chiropractic, San Jose, CA, USA
2. Private Practice of Chiropractic, St-Felicien, QC, Canada
• Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health – Chiropractic ~ Volume 2010 ~ Issue 2 ~ Pages 35 -40. Abstract
• Neglected spinal cord, brain stem and musculoskeletal injuries stemming from birth trauma Gottlieb MS. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1993 (Oct);16 (8):537-543
• Ohm, J. (2009, May 26). FWF – 040 – Truth Be Told. Retrieved June 9, 2015, from http://icpa4kids.org/Wellness-Newsletter/fwf-040-truth-be-told.html
• Rose-Aymon S, Aymon M. Prochaska-Moss G, Moss R, Rebne R, Nielsen K. Journal of Chiropractic Research, 1989 (Spring): 70-77.
• Towbin, A. (1969, February 1). Latent Spinal Cord and Brain Stem Injury in Newborn Infants. Retrieved June 9, 2015.

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